VCP 410 Exam Course Notes

VMWare Documents

Vmware KB Articles

ESX Partions

  • /boot = 1.25 GB
  • /= 5GB
  • swap= 600 MB
  • /usr= none
  • esxconsole.vmdk= 1.2GB

Optional Partions

  • /home = 512 MB
  • /tmp = 1024MB
  • /usr =
  • /var/log =2000MB

Name Number Protocol Description

VMware vCenter Update Manager8084TCPSOAP Port

9084TCPWeb Port

9087TCPSSL Port

Converter Enterprise Server to remote physical machine445TCP




Converter Enterprise Server to Virtual Center Server 443TCP

Converter Enterprise Client to Converter Enterprise Server443TCP

Physical machine to VirtualCenter Server443TCP

Physical machine to ESX Server443TCP


SSH Contacting Port22TCP

Best Practice

  • Remove the Administrators group from the VMWare vCenter Administrators roles and configure proper delegated administration model.
  • There is no virtual NIC traunking between ESH standard switches, communcations is conduct via the physical link
  • Develop naming convention for VMware objects (Switchs,etc)
  • Sphere vCenter, Loosing this will effectivtly mean that the advanced feature set of the Enterprise Plus wont be avaiable until Sphere vCenter is restored. To migitate this ricks you can use Clustering, Backup System and vVMware vCenter Headbeat Server
  • The Database will also require Backup configured and aslo Replication or Clustering

VMKernel Port

iSCSI / NAS Storage



LUN Datastore Sizing

1 TB LUN ( max 2TB)

8 VMs per LUN

VMWare 3.0 to 4.0 Upgrade Options

VMWare Upgrade Manager (VC)

Host Update Utility (VC Client)

ESX vApp can be used to create a DHCP configuration

Minimum and Maximum Requirements for ESX

64 Bit

2 CPUs (min)

64 CPUs (max)

Software Options

Anywhere USB

Known Issues

You can not Hot Clone VM guest on a Distributed Switch, you will have to change at least one of the NICs to a Standard Switch

vCPU Allocation Dilemma

CPU Ready –

VM1 = 1xvCPU



CPU Timeslice Table Example

Exam Tips

  • Read the VMWare vSphere v4.0 Resource Management Guide
  • How Many Questions? 70
  • How Long? 90 mins
  • How many labs? NONE
  • Pass Mark? 70% (49 Correct, 21 Wrong)

ESX Advanced Settings

Hosts and Clusters / Select ESX Host / Configurations Tab / Advanced Settings

Virtual Center Server Settings

Administration Menu / vCenter Server Settings

Virtual Client Settings

Edit / Client Settings

ESX Deployment and PXE Appliance


  • VMware ESXi or VMware ESX (deployment-time choice)
  • VMFS (Virtual Machine File System)
  • 8-way Virtual SMP
  • VMware vCenter Server Agent
  • VMware vStorage APIs / VMware Consolidated Backup (VCB)
  • VMware Update Manager
  • VMware High Availability (HA)
  • VMware vStorage Thin Provisioning
  • VMware VMotion™
  • VMware Hot Add
  • VMware Fault Tolerance
  • VMware Data Recovery
  • VMware vShield Zones
  • VMware Storage VMotion
  • VMware Distributed Resource Scheduler (DRS)
  • VMware Distributed Power Management (DPM)
  • VMware vNetwork Distributed Switch
  • VMware Host Profiles
  • VMware vStorage APIs for Multipathing
  • VMware ESXConfig (Network, Storage)
  • VMware vSphere vCenter
  • VMware VMs
  • VMware vCenter Heartbeat
  • VMware VMware vCenter Update Manager/Host Update Utility

Example Questions

Which of the following partitions is specific to ESXi 4.0?
A. usr
B. vmkcore
C. scratch
D. swap
Answer: C

An administrator is installing ESX 4.0 on a physical server. Which of the following components would
need to be modified or replaced to support a successful installation?
A. 4 Intel PRO 1000 Network Adapters
C. 2 AMD Opteron CPUs
D.  2 LSI Logic LSI7202XP-LC Fibre Channel HBAs  
 Answer: D

Question 77
In configuring a VMware HA Cluster the System Adminidtrator can configure Admission Control.There are two options. Do not power on Virtual Machines if they violate availability constraints, or Virtual Machines to be powered on even if they violate availability constraints.
If the System Administrator chooses the option “Do not power on Virtual Machines if they violate availability” then which of the following apply? Select two.
A. Virtual Machines running on failed ESX hosts will not be restarted on surviving ESX hosts.
B. VMware HA restarts WM’s on surviving host with the most unreserved capacity.
C. Only Virtual Machines with a high restart priority will be restarted on surviving ESX hosts.
D. VMware HA enforces the failover capacity define for the cluster.
Answer: B,D

Question 78
What file systems will be mounted under/ vmfs/volumes?
A. all partitions not allocated to the Service console
B. all partitions allocated to the VMkernel
C. all partitions listed in the /etc/fstab
D. all partitions that have a VMFS file system
Answer: D

Question 79
Which three are ESX Server pre-defined roles?(Choose three.)
A. Administrator
B. Virtual Machine User
C. No Access
D. Virtual Machine Administrator
Answer: A,C,E

Question 80
What is the maximum number of VMkernel swap files that an ESX Server can have on a single VMFS volume?
A. 1per virtual machine
B. VMkernel swap files must be stored locally on the ESX Server
C. 1 per virtual disk
D. 1
Answer: A

VMWare limits

max hosts / vCenter      200      v2.5

max hosts / vCenter      200      v4.0 (32 bit)

300            v4.0 (64 bit)

max VMs / vCenter      2000    v2.5

3000        v.40 (simultaneous VMs on)

4500        v.40 (in Inventory)

Linked Mode Limits

Max hosts                    1000

Max VMS                    10,000

Max vCener Servers     10

License Labs

3448J-ML2DP-58138-00CKK-9E47J vSphere (ESX)

HM41J-PA013-J803A-0J3RK-0JM4J vCenter (VC)


Other Articles

Citrix XenApp Design Articles

Provisioning Services for XenApp Best Practices

Top 10 Items Found by Citrix Consulting on Assessments

Provisioning Services for XenApp – Reference Architecture

Technical Introduction to XenApp 5 and Windows Server 2008

Provisioning Server High Availability Considerations

Windows HA

There are a number of options to configure HA availability fault tolerance for Windows Servers

HA Platforms

  1. Vmware ESX HA (Highest Cost vs Highest Features)
  2. Microsoft Clustering (Lowest Cost vs Standard Features)
  3. Symantec Clustering and Symantec Dymanic Multipath Driver (Medium Cost vs Medium Features)
  4. EverRun (Low Cost vs High Features) *Integration with XenServer and ESX

with either SAN or iSCSI connectivity

Storage Options

  1. SAN Storage
  2. Hardware iSCSI
  3. Software based iSCSI

Other Options

  1. File Level Replication (SQL, DFS)
  2. Application Replicators (Symantec Replication Exec, IBM Tivoli® Storage Manager (TSM) FastBack)
  3. Bit/Block Level Storage Replication (IBM TPC for Replication)

IBM SVC Metro Mirror

How to failover IBM SVC Metro Mirror



IBM XIV Storage System

IBM has purchased a new Storage system from XIV..

IBM Videos




IBM XIV Storage FTP Site –

IBM Systems Storage TOP GUN Certification
Required Reading for XIV Administration